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Numismatics

ID number:  BIRBI-R2032
Object type:  Coin
Institution:  The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Named collection:  G. Haines Collection
Collector:  Haines, Geoffrey
Maker:  Aurelian; Vaballathus; Zenobia; Antioch
Denomination:  Antoninianus
Place made:  Eurasia: Antioch
Culture:  Roman
Date made:  270-272
Metal:  Billon
Diameter (cm):  2.05
Weight (g):  4.54
Axis (degrees):  315.00
Provenance:  Haines 2977. A. H. Baldwin, 1954.
BIRBI-R2032.jpg

Description:  Obverse: Head of Aurelian, wearing radiate crown and beard, cuirassed, facing r. Reverse: Head of Vabalathus, wearing laurel crown, draped, facing r.

Inscriptions:  Obverse: IMP C IVRFIIANVc AVC (Imperator Caesar Aurelian Augustus). In Exergue: Z. Reverse: VABALATHVS C R I M D R (Vabalathus, attribution of initials disputed).

Bibliography:  RIC V 381 var.

Notes:  This coin series was potentially struck by Zenobia in the name of her son, Vabalathus, for whom she was regent, as argued by P. Southern, 2008. Empress Zenobia: Palmyra's Rebel Queen (London & New York, NY), 87. For discussion on [V] C R I M D R, see RIC V p.260. In this instance, the abbreviation is missing the first letter and the mint mark (Z) is not one of the given mintmarks in RIC (Θ is the last letter in the series), making this coin a variation of the type found in RIC.

5 Related People

Antioch



Zenobia
Palmyrene
240

Vaballathus
Palmyrene
259

Aurelian
Roman
214
275
Haines_Geoffrey-T.jpg
Haines, Geoffrey Colton
British
1899
1981-09-14
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