The Barber Institute of Fine Arts, the Lapworth Museum of Geology and the University of Birmingham Collections - Objects
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ID number: BIRBI-R0996
Institution: The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Named collection: G. Haines Collection
Artist / Maker: Otho (69)
Title / Object name / Definition: Denarius
Object type: Coin
Place made: Mint of Rome
Date made: 69
Collector: G. Haines
Measurements: 3.41 g
Description: Obverse: Head of Otho
Reverse: Securitas holding a wreath and scepter. On this coin Otho was signaling an end to the civil wars that had plagued the empire since the suicide of Nero in AD 68. Unfortunately for Otho his propaganda did not reflect reality and he was himself overthrown before the end of what became known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Otho continued the use of the titles accumulated by the Julio-Claudian dynasty, Augustus, Pontifex Maximus (chief priest) and Tribunicia Potestate (the constitutional basis for the power of the emperor). However he also uses the name Caesar, which unlike his predecessors from Augustus to Nero was not part of his family name. In this case Caesar must be seen as having become an imperial honorific or title.
Inscriptions / Translations: Obverse: IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P (Imperator, Marcus Otho Caesar Augustus, [holder of] Tribunician Power)
Reverse: SECVRI TASPR (Security of the People of Rome)
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