The Barber Institute of Fine Arts, the Lapworth Museum of Geology and the University of Birmingham Collections - Objects
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ID number: BIRBI-R1177
Institution: The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Named collection: G. Haines Collection
Artist / Maker: Antoninus Pius (138-161)
Title / Object name / Definition: Denarius
Object type: Coin
Place made: Mint of Rome
Date made: 158-159
Collector: G. Haines
Measurements: 3.08 g
Description: Obverse: Laureate bust of Antoninus Pius.
Reverse: Temple of the Divine Augustus. The temple of Augustus was restored by Antoninus Pius who chose to commemorate the event in his coins from then on. Restoring this temple gave Antoninus a link to the first emperor of Rome. On this coin the temple is shown surmounted by a quadriga (chariot drawn by four horses) and two statues, believed to be Romulus and Aeneas. Inside the temple can be seen two more statues, probably of Augustus and his wife Livia. Antoninus Pius continued to use the republican powers and titles and which were the constitutional basis of the secular power of the emperor, Tribunicia Potestate and his religious authority, Pontifex Maximus as well as the now customary honorifics and imperial titulature.
Inscriptions / Translations: Obverse: ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXXII (Antoninus Pius Augustus, Father of his Country, [in his] twenty second Tribunician Power)
Reverse: TEMPLUMDIVAVGREST (Temple of the Divine Augustus Restored) COSIIII (Consul three times) in exergue.
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