The Barber Institute of Fine Arts, the Lapworth Museum of Geology and the University of Birmingham Collections - Objects
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ID number: BIRBI-R0837
Institution: The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Named collection: G. Haines Collection
Artist / Maker: Augustus (31 BC - AD 14)
Title / Object name / Definition: Denarius
Object type: Coin
Place made: The Eastern Coinage
Date made: 28 BC
Measurements: 3.83 g
Description: Obverse: Bust of Octavian.
Reverse: Crocodile. This coin celebrates Octavian’s capture of Egypt following the defeat of Mark Anthony and Cleopatra. The year after this coin Octavian took the name which would come to mean emperor to future generations, Augustus. Caesar Divi Filius was one of the ways in which Octavian liked to be known before becoming Augustus. When Julius Caesar was assassinated in 44 BC his will made Octavian his heir. Thus Octavian’s adopted name became Gaius Julius Caesar, or Caesar Octavian. Octavian convinced the Senate of Rome to declare Julius Caesar a god. Whilst honouring his adopted father, this also allowed Octavian to style himself as son of a god.
Inscriptions / Translations: Obverse: CAESAR•DIVI•F• COS•VI (Son of the Divine Caesar, Consul for the six times)
Reverse: AEGYPTO CAPTA (Egypt Captured)
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