The Barber Institute of Fine Arts, the Lapworth Museum of Geology and the University of Birmingham Collections - Objects
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ID number: BIRBI-B1353
Institution: The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Named collection: P.D. Whitting Collection
Artist / Maker: Justin II (565-578)
Title / Object name / Definition: Follis
Object type: Coin
Place made: Mint of Nicomedia
Date made: 567-568
Collector: P.D. Whitting
Measurements: 14.90 g
Description: Obverse. Justin II, left, and Sophia, right, both nimbate, enthroned, wearing crowns with pendilia. Justin holds a globus cruciger in his right hand, Sophia holds a cross topped sceptre in her right hand.
Reverse. M (mark of value, 40 nummi) cross above. Justinian I nominated Justin as his successor. Justin was not only the nephew of Justinian, but was also married to Sophia, the niece of Empress Theodora. The reign of Justin II saw the empire at war on almost every front. In 568 the Lombards invaded Byzantine Italy and in just a few years had conquered much of the country. Justin refused to pay tribute to the Avars and Persians, which sparked a war with these two powers. Justin II became insane and in 574 nominated Tiberius, Count of the Excubitors as Caesar and retired from public life. When Justin died in 578 Tiberius succeeded him as Augustus.
Inscriptions / Translations: Obverse. DNIVSTI NVSPPAVC (Our Lord Justin Eternal Augustus)
Reverse. M (mark of value) B (officina [workshop] B) beneath, ANNO to left, III to right (regnal year), NIKO (mint mark of Nicomedia) in exergue.
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