The Barber Institute of Fine Arts, the Lapworth Museum of Geology and the University of Birmingham Collections - Objects
ID number: BIRBI-B1548
Institution: The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Named collection: P.D. Whitting Collection
Artist / Maker: Justin II (565-578)
Title / Object name / Definition: Siliqua
Object type: Coin
Place made: Mint of Carthage
Date made: 565-578
Collector: P.D. Whitting
Measurements: 1.07 g
Description: Obverse. Bust of Justin II, wearing cuirass, and plume topped helmet and diadem with trefoil ornament.
Reverse. Inscription within a wreath. Justinian I nominated Justin as his successor. Justin was not only the nephew of Justinian, but was also married to Sophia, the niece of Empress Theodora. The reign of Justin II saw the empire at war on almost every front. In 568 the Lombards invaded Byzantine Italy and in just a few years had conquered much of the country. Justin refused to pay tribute to the Avars and Persians, which sparked a war with these two powers. Justin II became insane and in 574 nominated Tiberius, Count of the Excubitors as Caesar and retired from public life. When Justin died in 578 Tiberius succeeded him as Augustus. Carthage at this time was the capital of Byzantine Africa.
Inscriptions / Translations: Obverse. DNIVSTI NVSPPA (Our Lord Justin Eternal Augustus)
Reverse. FELIX RES PVBL (Happy State)
Bibliography: Bellinger, A.R. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection (Washington D.C. 1966) coin 191
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins (London 1982) pp43-83.
Whitting, P.D. Byzantine Coins (London 1973) pp111-112
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