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Name:  Airan
Brief biography:  The Sasanian mint of Iran, now commonly assumed to have been located in Shush, known in the Sasanian era as Eran-Xwarrah-Shapur.
Nationality:  Sasanian
Occupation:  Mint

Susa (Persian Shush) was a city in the province of Khuzestan, in south-western Iran. The earliest evidence suggests that it had been an urban settlement since approximately 4200 BC. The city appears in the Bible, and was an important location in the ancient Near East. Susa was made one of the four capitals of the Persian Achaemenid Empire during the reign of Cyrus the Great’s son, Cambyses II, and formed the setting for Aeschylus’ tragic play The Persians. The city was witness to the mass weddings of Persian women and Macedonian soldiers, organised by Alexander the Great, and later was one of the two capitals of Parthian Iran, along with Ctesiphon. Under the Sasanian dynasty, Susa was both a winter retreat and a place of refuge when Ctesiphon was threatened. It was during this time that the city gained the honorific title Eran Xvarrah Shapur (Shapur the glory of Iran).

It seems likely that the city was host to a mint in the Sasanian period. The mint of Airan at one point seemed to represent the country itself, and was often thought to stand for a peripatetic mint, perhaps attached to the army. However, the recent recognition that the city of Susa bore the honorific of Eran Xvarrah Shapur, and that Susa significantly lacked any other attributable coins, it now seems probable that coins from the mint of Airan originated from this city.

24 Related Objects

BIRBI-S0328.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau I; Airan
BIRBI-S0328
BIRBI-S0372.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau I; Airan
BIRBI-S0372
BIRBI-S0547.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau II; Airan
BIRBI-S0547
BIRBI-S0200.jpg
Drachm
Peroz I; Airan
BIRBI-S0200
BIRBI-S0889.jpg
Drachm
Artashir III; Airan
BIRBI-S0889
BIRBI-S0540.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau II; Airan
BIRBI-S0540
BIRBI-S0795.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau II; Airan
BIRBI-S0795
BIRBI-S0895.jpg
Drachm
Artashir III; Airan
BIRBI-S0895
BIRBI-S0251.jpg
Drachm
Kavad I; Airan
BIRBI-S0251
BIRBI-S0370.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau I; Airan
BIRBI-S0370
BIRBI-S0519.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau II; Airan
BIRBI-S0519
BIRBI-S0576.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau II; Airan
BIRBI-S0576
BIRBI-S0588.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau II; Airan
BIRBI-S0588
BIRBI-S0293.jpg
Drachm
Kavad I; Airan
BIRBI-S0293
BIRBI-S0877.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau II; Airan
BIRBI-S0877
BIRBI-S0585.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau II; Airan
BIRBI-S0585
BIRBI-S0822.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau II; Airan
BIRBI-S0822
BIRBI-S0876.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau II; Airan
BIRBI-S0876
BIRBI-S0329.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau I; Airan
BIRBI-S0329
BIRBI-S0410.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau I; Airan
BIRBI-S0410
BIRBI-S0888.jpg
Drachm
Kavadh II; Airan
BIRBI-S0888
BIRBI-S0333.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau I; Airan
BIRBI-S0333
BIRBI-S0351.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau I; Airan
BIRBI-S0351
BIRBI-S0812.jpg
Drachm
Khusrau II; Airan
BIRBI-S0812
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