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Name:  Probus
Brief biography:  Roman Emperor 276-282.
Nationality:  Roman
Occupation:  Emperor
Date of birth:  236
Place of birth:  Sirmium
Period of rule:  276-282
Date of death:  282
Place of death:  Sirmium

Probus was born to a military officer in Sirmium in 232 AD. Following his father, Probus entered the military on becoming an adult in 250 AD. Rising rapidly through the ranks, Probus was eventually made praetorian prefect of the east by Tacitus. On the death of Tacitus in 276 AD, his brother Florian named himself emperor, with Probus challenging him. Although he had less support, Probus defeated Florian, and requested the Senate to confirm him as emperor - which Florian had not. Swiftly confirmed, Probus would spend much of his reign campaigning against the Germanic tribes and strengthening the Empire's borders. Probus began the tradition of settling tribes into the Empire, to rejuvenate the areas that had been devastated by war. He also pushed the discipline established by Aurelian of making his soldiers perform civilian work (such as working in vineyards) while they weren't actively campaigning. Probus also defeated three usurpers during his reign; Julius Saturninus, Proculus, and Bonosus. After all his campaigning, Probus celebrated a triumph in 281. Delayed, Probus set out to fight the an eastern campaign in 282. Probus was either killed in Sirmium by his soldiers, possibly as part of a mutiny due to Probus's high level of discipline and for being forced to perform argicultural work. His successor, Carus, may have been proclaimed emperor before Probus died.

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