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Name:  Maximian
Brief biography:  Junior then co-Emperor to Diocletian, then one of the first Tetrarchs.
Nationality:  Roman
Occupation:  Emperor
Place of birth:  Europe: Serbia, Sremska Mitrovica
Period of rule:  285-305, 306-308 and 310
Date of death:  310
Place of death:  Europe: France, Marseille

Maximian was a Roman soldier, who served with or under Diocletian during the latter's time in the army. Shortly after Diocletian became emperor and defeated Carinus, he raised Maximian to be his junior emperor, and shortly after that his co-emperor. Diocletian employed religious imagery of himself as Jupiter, and Maximian as Hercules, as part of which Maximian took the honorific 'Herculeus'.

In 293, Maximian chose his son-in-law, Constantius Chlorus, as his Caesar, while Diocletian chose Galerius. This established the Tetrarchy, with Maximian and Constantius governing affairs in the West and Diocletian and Galerius governing in the East.

In 305, Diocletian retired, and forced Maximian to retire too. This left Constantius as Augustus in the West, and Galerius in the East, chosing their own Caesars in turn. Because Maxentius and Constantine, the biological sons of Maximian and Constantius respectively, believed that they had a legitimate claim to emperorship, they both declared themselves emperors, and Maximian returned from retirement to support his son. He was forced back into retirement by Galerius in 308. He declared himself emperor again in 310, but was defeated and forced to commit suicide by Constantine.

78 Related Objects

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Antoninianus
Maximian; Lugdunum
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Kyzikos
BIRBI-R2517
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Antoninianus
Constantius I; Maximian; Lugdunum
BIRBI-R2521
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Lugdunum
BIRBI-R2507
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Antoninianus
Carausius; Diocletian; Maximian; Londinium
BIRBI-R2448
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Kyzikos
BIRBI-R2518
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Rome
BIRBI-R2513
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Rome
BIRBI-R2514
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Lugdunum
BIRBI-R2505
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Tripoli
BIRBI-R2520
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Rome
BIRBI-R2516
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Lugdunum
BIRBI-R2504
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Lugdunum
BIRBI-R2510
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Lugdunum
BIRBI-R2503
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Lugdunum
BIRBI-R2512
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Lugdunum
BIRBI-R2509
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Lugdunum
BIRBI-R2511
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Antioch
BIRBI-R2519
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Lugdunum
BIRBI-R2501
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Rome
BIRBI-R2515
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Lugdunum
BIRBI-R2506
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Antoninianus
Carausius; Diocletian; Maximian; Londinium
BIRBI-R2449
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Antoninianus
Maximian; Lugdunum
BIRBI-R2502
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Argenteus
Diocletian; Galerius; Constantius I; Maximian; Treveri
BIRBI-R2528
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Argentius
Constantius I; Galerius; Maximian; Diocletian; Treveri
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Argentius
Maximian; Constantius I; Galerius; Diocletian; Treveri
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Argentius
Maximian; Constantius I; Galerius; Diocletian; Rome
BIRBI-R2578
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Argentius
Constantius I; Galerius; Maximian; Diocletian; Rome
BIRBI-R2613
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Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Rome
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Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Treveri
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Follis
Maximian; Ticinum
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Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Antioch
BIRBI-R2622
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Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Aquileia
BIRBI-R2612
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Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Alexandria
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Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Carthage
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Follis
Maximian; Treveri
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Follis
Maximian; Londinium
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Follis
Maximian; Aquileia
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Follis
Maximian; Londinium
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Follis
Maximian; Kyzikos
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Follis
Maximian; Lugdunum
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Follis
Maximian; Lugdunum
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Follis
Maximian; Treveri
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Follis
Maximian; Antioch
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Follis
Maximian; Carthage
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Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Lugdunum
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Follis
Maximian; Londinium
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Follis
Maximian; Ticinum
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Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Treveri
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Follis
Maximian; Londinium
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Follis
Maximian; Carthage
BIRBI-R2580
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Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Lugdunum
BIRBI-R2607
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Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Lugdunum
BIRBI-R2605
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Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Londinium
BIRBI-R2595
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Follis
Maximian; Londinium
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Follis
Maximian; Kyzikos
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Follis
Maximian; Thessalonica
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Follis
Maximian; Kyzikos
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Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Londinium
BIRBI-R2594
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Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Lugdunum
BIRBI-R2604
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Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Treveri
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Follis
Maximian; Aquileia
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Follis
Maximian; Antioch
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Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Treveri
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Follis
Maximian; Ticinum
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Follis
Maximian; Carthage
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Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Carthage
BIRBI-R2616
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Follis
Maximian; Aquileia
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Follis
Maximian; Ticinum
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Follis
Maximian; Ticinum
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Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Treveri
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Follis Fraction
Maximian; Rome
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Radiate Fractional Follis
Maximian; Kyzikos
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Radiate Fractional Follis
Maximian; Alexandria
BIRBI-R2591
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Radiate Fractional Follis
Maximian; Kyzikos
BIRBI-R2586
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Radiate Fractional Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Kyzikos
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Radiate Fractional Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Kyzikos
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Radiate Fractional Follis
Constantius I; Maximian; Alexandria
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