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ID number:  BIRBI-R1098
Object type:  Coin
Institution:  The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Named collection:  G. Haines Collection
Collector:  Haines, Geoffrey
Maker:  Trajan (98-117)
Denomination:  As
Place made:  Mint of Rome
Culture:  Roman
Date made:  101-102
Metal:  Copper
Weight (g):  11.05

Description:  Obverse: Laureate head of Trajan.
Reverse: Victory holding a palm branch and a shield inscribed SPQR (Senatus Populusque Romanus, Senate and People of Rome).

Trajan succeeded the childless Nerva in 98. In 101 he launched an invasion of Dacia, a kingdom to the north of the Danube. By 106 the kingdom was conquered becoming a Roman province. It is this conquest that is celebrated on this coin. Trajan continued to use the republican powers and titles and which were the constitutional basis of the secular power of the emperor, Tribunicia Potestate and his religious authority, Pontifex Maximus as well as the now customary honorifics and imperial titulature.

Inscriptions:  Obverse: IMPCAESNERVATRAIANAVGGERMPM (Imperator Caesar Nerva Trajan Augustus Victor over the Germans, Chief Priest)
Reverse: TR[…]COS IIII PP ([holder of] Tribunician Power, Consul three times, Father of his Country) S C (by permission of the Senate)

Bibliography:  Mattingly, H, and Sydenham, E. The Roman Imperial Coinage Vol II, Vespasian to Hadrian (London 1968) Coin 434.

2 Related People

Whitting, Philip David
Haines, Geoffrey Colton
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