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Numismatics

ID number:  BIRBI-R1104
Object type:  Coin
Institution:  The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Named collection:  G. Haines Collection
Collector:  Haines, Geoffrey
Maker:  Trajan (98-117)
Denomination:  Sestertius
Place made:  Mint of Rome
Culture:  Roman
Date made:  103-111
Metal:  Brass
Weight (g):  23.08
BIRBI-R1104.jpg

Description:  Obverse: Laureate head of Trajan.
Reverse: Trajan on horseback spearing a Dacian.

Trajan succeeded the childless Nerva in 98. In 101 he launched an invasion of Dacia, a kingdom to the north of the Danube. By 106 the kingdom was conquered becoming a Roman province. It is this conquest that is celebrated on this coin. Trajan continued to use the republican powers and titles and which were the constitutional basis of the secular power of the emperor, Tribunicia Potestate and his religious authority, Pontifex Maximus as well as the now customary honorifics and imperial titulature.

Inscriptions:  Obverse: IMPCAESNERVAETRAIANOAVGGERDACPMTRPCOSVPP (Reverse: S P Q R OPTIMOPRINCIPI
Inscription runs from obverse to reverse, [from] the Senate and People of Rome to Imperator Nerva Trajan Augustus Victor over the Germans, Victor over the Dacians, Chief Priest [holder of] Tribunician Power, Consul five times, Father of his Country, the Best Princeps, S C (Senatus Consulto, by permission of the Senate) in exergue.

Bibliography:  Mattingly, H, and Sydenham, E. The Roman Imperial Coinage Vol II, Vespasian to Hadrian (London 1968) Coin 543 var.

2 Related People

Haines, Geoffrey Colton
British
1899
1981-09-14
Whitting, Philip David
British
1903
1988
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