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ID number:  BIRBI-R1177
Object type:  Coin
Institution:  The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Named collection:  G. Haines Collection
Collector:  Haines, Geoffrey
Maker:  Antoninus Pius (138-161)
Denomination:  Denarius
Place made:  Mint of Rome
Culture:  Roman
Date made:  158-159
Metal:  Silver
Weight (g):  3.08

Description:  Obverse: Laureate bust of Antoninus Pius.
Reverse: Temple of the Divine Augustus.

The temple of Augustus was restored by Antoninus Pius who chose to commemorate the event in his coins from then on. Restoring this temple gave Antoninus a link to the first emperor of Rome. On this coin the temple is shown surmounted by a quadriga (chariot drawn by four horses) and two statues, believed to be Romulus and Aeneas. Inside the temple can be seen two more statues, probably of Augustus and his wife Livia. Antoninus Pius continued to use the republican powers and titles and which were the constitutional basis of the secular power of the emperor, Tribunicia Potestate and his religious authority, Pontifex Maximus as well as the now customary honorifics and imperial titulature.

Inscriptions:  Obverse: ANTONINVSAVGPIVSPPTRPXXII (Antoninus Pius Augustus, Father of his Country, [in his] twenty second Tribunician Power)
Reverse: TEMPLUMDIVAVGREST (Temple of the Divine Augustus Restored) COSIIII (Consul three times) in exergue.

Bibliography:  Mattingly, H, and Sydenham, E. The Roman Imperial Coinage Vol III, Antoninus Pius to Commodus (London 1962) Coin 290.

2 Related People

Haines, Geoffrey Colton
Whitting, Philip David
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