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Numismatics

ID number:  BIRBI-R1228
Object type:  Coin
Institution:  The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Named collection:  G. Haines Collection
Collector:  Haines, Geoffrey
Maker:  Marcus Aurelius (161-169); Lucius Verus (161-169)
Denomination:  Denarius
Place made:  Mint of Rome
Culture:  Roman
Date made:  166
Metal:  Silver
Weight (g):  3.28
BIRBI-R1228.jpg

Description:  Obverse: Laureate head of Marcus Aurelius.
Reverse: Victory inscribing VIC/PAR on a shield fixed to a palm tree.

This coin celebrates the victories of Lucius Verus, co emperor to Marcus Aurelius, over the Parthian Empire. War with the Parthians began in 161 with the Parthian invasion of Armenia and Syria. After suffering early defeats the Romans overcame the invaders and by 166 the Romans were victorious over their enemies. To celebrate this victory Lucius Verus and Marcus Aurelius held a triumph in Rome and the sons of Marcus were raised to the rank of Caesar. The returning army is believed to have brought a new disease from the east, which swept through the Roman Empire killing many citizens, including the Emperor Lucius Verus.

Inscriptions:  Obverse: MANTONINVSAVG ARMPARTHMAX (Marcus Antoninus Augustus, Victor over the Armenians, Greatest Victor over the Parthians)
Reverse: TRPXXIMPIIIICOSIII ([in his] twentieth Tribunician Power, Imperator four times, Consul three times)

Bibliography:  Mattingly, H, and Sydenham, E. The Roman Imperial Coinage Vol III, Antoninus Pius to Commodus (London 1962) Coin 163.

2 Related People

Whitting, Philip David
British
1903
1988
Haines, Geoffrey Colton
British
1899
1981-09-14
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