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ID number:  BIRBI-R1245
Object type:  Coin
Institution:  The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Named collection:  G. Haines Collection
Collector:  Haines, Geoffrey
Maker:  Marcus Aurelius (161-180)
Denomination:  Dupondius
Place made:  Mint of Rome
Culture:  Roman
Date made:  170-171
Metal:  Brass
Weight (g):  10.33

Description:  Obverse: Head of Marcus Aurelius, wearing radiate crown.
Reverse: Victory inscribing VIC/GER on a shield fixed to a tree.

This coin commemorates the victories of Marcus Aurelius over the German tribes. Marcus Aurelius spent much of his reign on the Danube frontier of the empire fighting against various German tribes. In 170 the Marcomanni tribe invaded the Empire, crossed the Alps and besieged Aquileia, a major city in Northern Italy. Troops were rushed to the city and by 171 the Germans had been forced to their own side of the Danube. This coin was struck to celebrate this victory. The wars in Germany would continue for the rest of the reign of Marcus Aurelius.

Inscriptions:  Obverse: MANTONINVS AVGTRPXXV (Marcus Antoninus Augustus [in his] twenty-fifth Tribunician Power)
Reverse: IMPVI COSIII (Imperator six times, Consul three times) S C (by permission of the Senate)

Bibliography:  Mattingly, H, and Sydenham, E. The Roman Imperial Coinage Vol III, Antoninus Pius to Commodus (London 1962) Coin 1002.

2 Related People

Whitting, Philip David
Haines, Geoffrey Colton
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