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ID number:  BIRBI-R1265
Object type:  Coin
Institution:  The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Named collection:  G. Haines Collection
Collector:  Haines, Geoffrey
Maker:  Marcus Aurelius (161-180)
Denomination:  Sestertius
Place made:  Mint of Rome
Culture:  Roman
Date made:  177
Metal:  Brass
Weight (g):  24.30

Description:  Obverse: Laureate head of Commodus.
Reverse: Cuirass, shield, spear, horn etc.

This coin was struck to commemorate the conclusion of a campaign against the Germans. It was not Commodus himself who was the leader of the campaign, but his father. The titles of Germanicus and Sarmaticus were taken by Marcus Aurelius after his victories and shared with the young Commodus. During 176 and 177 Marcus Aurelius raised Commodus to be his co-emperor: Commodus became Imperator in 176, Augustus in 177 and later in 177 was given Tribunician Power. Commodus also became Consul for the first time at the age of 15.

Inscriptions:  Obverse: IMPLAVRELCOMMODVSAVGGERMSARM (Imperator Lucius Aurelius Commodus Augustus, Victor over the Germans, Victor over the Sarmatians)
Reverse: TRPIICOSPP ([in his] second Tribunician Power, Consul, Father of his Country) S C (by permission of the Senate) DEGERMANIS (From the Germans) in exergue.

Bibliography:  Mattingly, H, and Sydenham, E. The Roman Imperial Coinage Vol III, Antoninus Pius to Commodus (London 1962) Coin 1570.

2 Related People

Haines, Geoffrey Colton
Whitting, Philip David
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