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ID number:  BIRBI-R1289
Object type:  Coin
Institution:  The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Named collection:  G. Haines Collection
Collector:  Haines, Geoffrey
Maker:  Commodus (180-192)
Denomination:  Sestertius
Place made:  Mint of Rome
Culture:  Roman
Date made:  183-184
Metal:  Brass
Weight (g):  31.44

Description:  Obverse: Laureate head of Commodus.
Reverse: Hercules wearing lion skin, holding club.

Commodus often associated himself with Hercules. Hercules seems to have appealed to Commodus, a fan of games and feats of physical ability. Commodus continued to use the republican powers and titles and which were the constitutional basis of the secular power of the emperor, Tribunicia Potestate and his religious authority, Pontifex Maximus as well as the now customary honorifics and imperial titulature.

Inscriptions:  Obverse: MCOMMODVSANTONINVSAVGPIVS (Marcus Commodus Antoninus Augustus Pius)
Reverse: PM TRP VIIII IMP VI COSIIII P P (Chief Priest [in his] ninth Tribunician Power, Imperator six times, Consul four times, Father of his Country) S C (by permission of the Senate)

Bibliography:  Mattingly, H, and Sydenham, E. The Roman Imperial Coinage Vol III, Antoninus Pius to Commodus (London 1962) Coin 339a.

2 Related People

Haines, Geoffrey Colton
Whitting, Philip David
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