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ID number:  BIRBI-R3435
Object type:  Coin
Institution:  The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Named collection:  P. D. Whitting Collection
Collector:  Whitting, Philip D.
Maker:  Constans I (337-350)
Denomination:  Solidus
Place made:  Mint of Thessalonica
Culture:  Roman
Date made:  337-340
Metal:  Gold
Weight (g):  4.50

Description:  Obverse: Bust of Constans I facing right, wearing cuirass with a cloak and a diadem.
Reverse: Emperor standing in armour and cloak, holding a trophy topped spear, left hand resting on a shield. Two captives are seated on either side of the Emperor. Constans is shown on both sides of this coin as leader of the army.

Constans was the son of Constantine I and on his father’s death received the central portion of the empire (Italy, Illyricum, Dalmatia and Greece). This coin is from a period in Roman history when the emperor spent most of his time with his troops. Constans himself campaigned along the Danube frontier. The military theme of this coin should be viewed in the context of this period.

Inscriptions:  Obverse: FLIVLCON STANSPFAVG (Flavius Julius Constans Dutiful, Happy, Augustus)
Reverse: VIRTVS EXERCITVM (Courage of the Army) TES (Mint mark of Thessalonica) in exergue

Bibliography:  Kent, J. The Roman Imperial Coinage Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I A.D. 337-364 C.H.V. Sutherland and R.A.G. Carson eds. (London 1981) Coin 13. Coin 35.

2 Related People

Whitting, Philip David
Haines, Geoffrey Colton
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