The Barber Institute of Fine Arts, the Lapworth Museum of Geology and the University of Birmingham Collections - Objects
ID number: BIRBI-R0941
Institution: The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Artist / Maker: Claudius (41-54)
Title / Object name / Definition: Aureus
Object type: Coin
Place made: Mint of Rome
Date made: 49-50
Measurements: 7.42 g
Description: Obverse: Laureate head of Claudius.
Reverse: Triumphal arch, with equestrian statue and two trophies made up of arms and armour. This coin celebrates the conquest of the southern half of Britain by Claudius, which began in AD 43. Claudius had been voted the name Britannicus in honour of the conquest and was given permission by the Senate to construct two triumphal arches, one in Rome and the other in Gaul. Claudius uses the titulature that had by now become the standard on coins of the principate, a mixture of renowned family names (Caesar), honorifics (Augustus), religious titles (Pontifex Maximus) and republican honours (Tribunicia Potestate).
References: Mattingly, H, and Sydenham, E. The Roman Imperial Coinage Vol I, Augustus to Vitellius (London 1948) Coin 10.
Inscriptions / Translations: Obverse: TI•CLAVD•CAESAR•[AV]G•P•M•TR•P•VIIII•IMP•XVI• (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Chief Priest [in his] ninth Tribunician Power, Victorious General sixteen times)
Reverse: DE BRITANN (On triumphal arch)
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