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ID number:  BIRBI-LR008
Object type:  Coin
Institution:  The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Named collection:  P. D. Whitting Collection
Collector:  Whitting, Philip D.
Maker:  Jovian (363-364)
Denomination:  Solidus
Place made:  Mint of Constantinople
Culture:  Roman
Date made:  363-364
Metal:  Gold
Weight (g):  4.41

Description:  Obverse: Jovian wearing diadem, paludamentum (military cloak) and cuirass.
Reverse: Roma (left) and Constantinopolis (right) seated on a throne holding a shield with VOT/V/MVL/X (Votis quinquennalibus [solutis] multis decennalibus (susceptis).

This coin shows the importance of Constantinople just over thirty years after its foundation. Jovian was declared emperor by the army in Mesopotamia, after the death of Julian the Apostate during fighting with the Persians. Jovian died whilst making his way to Constantinople from Persia in 364.

Inscriptions:  Obverse: DNIOVIANVS PFPERPAVC (Our Lord Jovian, Dutiful, Happy, Eternal Augustus)
Reverse: SECVRITA SREI PVBLICAE (Security of the State) CONSP (Mint mark for Constantinople) in exergue.

Bibliography:  Kent, J. The Roman Imperial Coinage Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I A.D. 337-364 C.H.V. Sutherland and R.A.G. Carson eds. (London 1981) Coin 169.

1 Related People

Whitting, Philip David
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