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Numismatics

ID number:  BIRBI-LR016
Object type:  Coin
Institution:  The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Named collection:  P. D. Whitting Collection
Collector:  Whitting, Philip D.
Maker:  Valentinian I (364-375)
Denomination:  Solidus
Place made:  Mint of Milan
Culture:  Roman
Date made:  364-367
Metal:  Gold
Weight (g):  4.48
BIRBI-LR016.jpg

Description:  Obverse: Valentinian wearing diadem, paludamentum (military cloak) and cuirass.
Reverse: Valentinian standing in military attire, holding labarum (standard) with Christogram and Victory holding a wreath on a globe. Valentinian is shown here as the leader of the Roman army, a role which had always been important for the emperor.

In the third and fourth centuries the military duties of the emperor became even more important due to the chronic insecurity in the empire. Valentinian was a successful general, fighting a number of wars against barbarians across the Rhine and Danube frontiers. Valentinian was elected by the army in Nicaea on the unexpected death of Jovian. A month later he divided the empire ruling the western half himself and entrusting the east to his brother Valens.

Inscriptions:  Obverse: DNVALENTINI ANVSPFAVC (Our Lord Valentinian, Dutiful, Happy, Augustus)
Reverse: RESTITV TORREIPVBLICAE (Restorer of the State) MED (Mint mark of Milan) in exergue

Bibliography:  Pearce, J. The Roman Imperial Coinage Vol IX, Valentinian I –Theodosius I H. Mattingly, C.H.V. Sutherland and R.A.G. Carson eds. (London 1968) Coin 2a.

1 Related People

Whitting, Philip David
British
1903
1988
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