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ID number:  ECM 1593
Named collection:  The Eton Myers Collection
Title / Object name:  Duamutef (Four Sons of Horus Amulet)
Object type:  Amulet
Culture:  Egyptian
Date made:  Late New Kingdom to early Third Intermediate Period (ca. 1295-945 BCE)
Collector:  Myers, William Joseph
Materials:  Faience
Measurements:  overall: 15.70 cm x 4.31 cm x 0.89 cm (H x W x D)
Provenance:  Possibly from Tuna el-Gebel, Middle Egypt

Large polychrome faience mummy amulet of Duamutef facing to viewer's right. Duamutef's dog head is painted black with the eye picked out in white and wears a blue tripartite wig. The white mummiform body has a schematised black collar. The base is blue with black stripes. Three suspension loops are on the back for affixing to a mummy bead net shroud.

Bibliography:  For more information about the mummy shroud and its amulets, see:

S. Chapman 2016 'The Four Sons of Horus: Guardians of the Dead' in S. Boonstra (ed.) Objects Come to Life, Birmingham Egyptology.

Notes:  This amulet depicts the jackal-headed mummiform god Duamutef, one of the four sons of Horus. Each of these gods was charged with guarding an internal organ; Duamutef safeguarded the stomach.

Each of the Four Sons of Horus amulets (ECM 1593-1596) were made of a single piece of moulded faience with blue and black glaze applied to the front side. The reverse has been pierced in three places (top, middle, and bottom) to create a series of holes allowing it to be sewn into a bead-net funerary shroud. The four sons of Horus were placed over the mummy's abdomen, as these gods protected the internal organ. ECM 1593-1596 originally belonged to the same mummy as the Nut mummy amulet ECM 1478 (also in collection) and a winged scarab ECM 817a-c (currently on loan from Eton College to Johns Hopkins University).

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Myers, William Joseph
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