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ID number:  BIRBI-39.2
Institution:  The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Artist / Maker:  Ugo da Carpi (about 1480 - 1532); after Parmigianino (1503 - 1540)
Title / Object name:  The Apparition to St Petronius of the Virgin and Child with St Sebastian
Object type:  Print
Place made:  Mantua
Culture:  Italian
Date made:  1605, published by Andreani, Andrea (c. 1560-1623)
Materials:  Woodcut
Measurements:  Paper: 385 x 295 mm; mount: 630 x 520 mm
Provenance:  Purchased from Messrs. P. & D. Colnaghi, 1939, purchased for £3

According to Christian legend St Sebastian was sentenced to death for his faith by the Roman emperor Diocletian. A solitary arrow is the only indication of his painful persecution. His otherwise unharmed and athletic body is portrayed in a relaxed pose reminiscent of classical sculptures. St Sebastian’s nudity was considered appropriate by Renaissance society because it was part of the religious narrative. However, in the 17th century the Catholic Church criticised these images for their sexuality and homoeroticism. Andreani purchased Ugo’s original woodcut blocks from the 1520s and republished them.

Inscriptions / Translations:  l.r. 'AA mantoua 1605'

Notes:  Woodcut from three blocks in brown. After Parmigianino (1503-1540), the original drawing is in the Musée du Louvre, Paris (Inv. No. INV 6480).

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