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ID number:  ECM 1478
Named collection:  The Eton Myers Collection
Title / Object name:  Nut Mummy Amulet
Object type:  Amulet
Culture:  Egyptian
Date made:  Late New Kingdom to early Third Intermediate Period (ca. 1295-945 BCE)
Collector:  Myers, William Joseph
Materials:  Faience
Measurements:  overall: 11.34 cm x 26.13 cm x 0.87 cm (H x W x D)
Provenance:  Possibly from Tuna el-Gebel, Middle Egypt

Flat backed mummy amulet taking the form of the goddess Nut wearing the horned disc kneeling on a mat to her left. Her separately fashioned wings are outstretched to either side. The central Nut figure has 15 piercings plus two suspension lugs at back and the separate wings have 12 and 13 piercings, respectively. The piercings and suspension lugs would have been used to afix the amulet to a mummy shroud. Originally mislabelled as Isis by Myers in his diary when referring to acquistion. Acquired from Max Robinow, 1896.

Bibliography:  For more information about the mummy shroud and its amulets, see:
S. Chapman 2016 'The Four Sons of Horus: Guardians of the Dead' in S. Boonstra (ed.) Objects Come to Life, Birmingham Egyptology.

Reeves, N. (ed.) 2008. Egyptian Art at Eton College and Durham University: Catalogue of a loan exhibition to Japan, 24 February-30 November 2008. With contributions from C. Barclay, T. Hardwick, S. Quirke, N. Reeves, J. Ruffle,
H. Schneider, and S. Spurr (Page 168, Entry No. 229).

Spurr, S., Reeves, N., and Quirke, S.,1999. Egyptian Art at Eton College: Selections from the Myers Museum. New York. p. 42-43 (Entry No. 63).

Notes:  This pectoral amulet depicting the goddess Nut with wings outstretched in a protective gesture originally formed part of the decoration of a faience bead-net, of a type which was typically spread over the outermost layer of a linen mummy-wrapping as part of the funeral assemblage (pierced holes for attaching the pieces of the amulet to the bead-net are still visible). The detail of the decoration on the wings is incredible, and it is easy to see why Major Myers found this piece so appealing.

In an entry from the diary of Major William Joseph Myers (Friday 18 April, 1896), he mentioned his hopes of acquiring the winged Nut amulet (misidentified by him as Isis) after meeting, by chance, the Manchester cotton merchant and fellow collector of Egyptian antiquities Max Robinow at the Continental Hotel. Myers was offered the amulet the previous year but passed up on buying it, though changed his mind once he realised that Robinow had bought it. Of the encounter, Myers wrote: 'I much want to get it, as it belongs to the same mummy as my winged scarab. He [Robinow] was very polite and pleasant and when he gets home I think he will let me have it... it is lucky it fell into such good hands'.

This Nut mummy amulet is indeed from the same mummy as the winged scarab ECM 817a-c (currently on loan from Eton College to John's Hopkins University) and the Four Sons of Horus amulets ECM 1593-1596

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Myers, William Joseph
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