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ID number:  ECM 1947
Named collection:  The Eton Myers Collection
Title / Object name:  Pan Grave Sherd
Object type:  Vessel
Culture:  Egyptian (Pan-grave)
Date made:  Second Intermediate Period (c. 1650-1550 BCE)
Collector:  Wainwright, Gerald Avery
Materials:  Ceramic
Measurements:  overall: 7.91 cm x 5.39 cm x 0.50 cm (Height x Maximum Width x Depth)
Provenance:  Upper Eg: Balabish.

Rim section of a handmade Pan-grave bowl comprised of two ceramic sherds. The bowl sherd has a stepped rim which is burnished in black, as is its interior surface. The exterior is burnished red. Modern writing on its exterior states that it is a Pan-grave sherd from Balabish, but any possible further location within the site is illegible.

Bibliography:  For more information, see:

C. Graves 2016 'Balabish: Rediscovering an expedition' in S. Boonstra (ed.) Objects Come to Life Virtual Exhibition, Birmingham Egyptology.

G.A. Wainwright 1920. Balabish. London. Egypt Exploration Society.

Notes:  The distinctive ceramics of the Pan-grave culture are evident in sherds ECM 1946 and ECM 1947: a red polished exterior with blackened rims and burnished black interiors. Closed-form vessels found in Pan-grave burials are often Egyptian wares and thus may relate to some form of economic relationship between the two populations (the Egyptians and Pan-grave peoples).

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