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ID number:  ECM 1605
Named collection:  The Eton Myers Collection
Title / Object name:  Shabti of Queen Henuttawy
Object type:  Shabti
Culture:  Egyptian
Date made:  Twenty-First Dynasty (c. 1069-945 BCE)
Collector:  Myers, William Joseph
Materials:  Faience
Measurements:  overall: 11.99 cm x 4.49 cm x 2.05 cm (H x W x D)
Provenance:  Upper Eg: Thebes - Deir el-Bahri; tomb DB 320.

Flat backed brilliant blue faience shabti figure of Henuttawy with tripartite wig, facial details, agricultural implements, bracelets painted in black, with a single column of hieroglyphs painted on the front.

Inscriptions / Translations:  (1): 'Illuminating the Osiris (Henuttawy)|.'

Bibliography:  For more information, see
E. Mushett Cole 2016 'Some Significant Shabtis: How objects can illuminate a period of political and cultural change' in S. Boonstra (ed.) Objects Come to Life Virtual Exhibition, Birmingham Egyptology.

Notes:  This shabti shows the difficulty in identifying female figures without attached names. Unlike that of Tayuheret (ECM 397), which is clearly female in shape, this one of Henuttawy is identifiable only due to the presence of her name. Henuttawy was probably a daughter of the last king of the Twentieth Dynasty, Ramesses XI, and was certainly the wife of the king and High Priest of Amun Pinudjem I. Despite the lack of any of Henuttawy's many titles on this shabti, her royal status is clearly shown by the fact that her name is enclosed within a cartouche, showing her position as the wife of a king. As with Tayuheret and Masaharta A, Henuttawy's shabti differs in style from that of her husband Pinudjem I, representing Aston's 'Type C', where instead of a striated wig, the shabti's wig is coloured in full in a different colour to that of the rest of the shabti, in this case black. She does, however, have a uraeus marked out on her forehead, like that of Pinudjem I, showing her royal status both in connection with the Twentieth Dynasty and the Theban kings.

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Myers, William Joseph
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