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ID number:  BIRRC-M0146
Institution:  Research and Cultural Collections
Named collection:  Medical School Collection
Title / Object name:  A Smart Bristow Faradic Machine for Stimulating Muscle
Object type:  Medical apparatus
Measurements:  19.6 x 22 x 17.7 cm

A small mahogany box with a hinged lid with 2 metal locks on either side. The right side of the box has a small hole surrounded by a circular piece of metal. The interior of the box contains black plastic apparatus consisting of a barel, 2 dials with white arrows on them and 2 smaller dials with 'patient' labelled between them. 'Patent applied for' is stamped in the top-left corner of the apparatus and a makers mark, 'Stanley, Gerrad St. London W.1', can be seen just above the two 'patient' dials. 'No. M.H.171' is also stamped beneath the makers mark. The front of the box opens to reveal a compartment beneath containing several screws and wires. Two wires attach beneath the 'patient' dials and have metal pieces on their ends. The underside of the lids holds a heavy black cylinder, held to the lid with two metal clips.

Notes:  Part of the Leek Nursing Collection. Direct electrical stimulation of the nerves and muscles were used as a form of physiotherapy and delivered through surface elctrodes or in a current bath.The direct current were pulses up to 3 seconds in length, either low-frequency alternating current or a series of short pulses. The latter is called faradism and these treatment units were used to activate denervated (organs or body parts deprived or partly deprived of nerves) muscles for the toning of wasted muscles. Modern units are electronic but earlier examples like this used an induction coil.

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